Abd Hakim Abd Razak is a Ph.D graduate of the School of Law, Trinity College Dublin. He currently serves as an Assistant Professor at Ajman University, United Arab Emirates and a Senior Research Associate at the Institute of Law, South Ural State University, Russia. Previously an Assistant Professor at Xiamen University Malaysia, Hakim lectured in International Corporate Governance, International Business Law, Commercial Law, Introduction to Legal Studies and Introduction to the Constitution of Malaysia. His research currently focuses on the regulatory framework, corporate governance and Sharia’-compliant issues of artificial intelligence application in the financial services industry across key European and Islamic Banking markets. Hakim is also on the editorial board of the International Journal of Law and Society, and regularly reviews for several renowned journals including the Journal of Islamic Marketing, International Research Journal 'Banks and Bank System' and International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management. Hakim read law at the University of Technology MARA, Malaysia, before pursuing his LL.M in Banking Law at the International Islamic University Malaysia. Hakim had also served as a diplomatic officer for the Ministry of International Trade and Industry Malaysia, where he was involved in calibrating the Malaysian government’s commitment at the World Trade Organisation and the government’s effort to liberalise the local trade and services industry. Prior to this position, Hakim had served as a legal officer with the Sepang Municipal Council and directly involved in the major amendments of key by-laws within the state of Selangor. A multi-lingual academia, he is conversant in four languages - Malay, English, Indonesian and Japanese.